Peering is the voluntary, mutually beneficial interconnection between Internet networks with Independent Autonomous Systems (ASN), usually through Internet Exchange (IX) or directly between two peers.
Interconnections through an Internet Exchange are known as Public Peering and offer multiple advantages over Private Peering. In the case of Peru, Perú IX (PIT Peru sac)is the Internet Exchange of Peru. In the Perú IX (PIT Peru sac), each member can freely choose whether to make multilateral connections, using our Route Servers, or bilateral sessions with one or more members.
Bilateral sessions are useful when there are few participants in the IX or when, due to the nature of the traffic, it is desired to have an alternative to Route Servers. However, as the number of IX members grows, the bilateral sessions become not very scalable, which is why a multilateral session is usually done with the IX Route Servers, in the case of Perú IX (PIT Peru sac), we have 4 Route available Server (RS), two for IPv4 and two for IPv6.
What are the advantages of Peering?
Of the advantages of Peering are:
- Higher capacity, up to 100 Gbps ports.
- Better redundancy (by reducing dependency on IP transit providers)
- Lower latency and fewer hops
- Improve traffic control
- Better performance as congested roads are avoided
- Cost reduction by reducing IP transit consumption
- Improve the quality and reputation of your network
How to do Peering in Peru?
It’s very simple. Once you are physically connected to the Perú IX (PIT Peru sac), you will be sent an email with the data (in this case the MD5 password for the BGP session) so that you can configure the Route Servers of Perú IX (PIT Peru sac) (pitperu.net) in your Peers
When you establish and log off the BGP sessions to the Route Servers you will see how you start receiving prefixes and moving traffic. With this you are already doing peering, now if you want to take things one step further, you can contact the Peering team of the IX participants to request a bilateral session, remember that it is a voluntary process in which both parties must want to do the bilateral session.